Git 1.7.2

The latest feature release Git 1.7.2 is available at the usual
git-1.7.2.tar.{gz,bz2}                        (source tarball)
git-htmldocs-1.7.2.tar.{gz,bz2}               (preformatted docs)
git-manpages-1.7.2.tar.{gz,bz2}               (preformatted docs)

The RPM binary packages for a few architectures are found in:

RPMS/$arch/git-*-1.7.2-1.fc11.$arch.rpm       (RPM)

We have 500+ non-merge commits from 93 contributors, among which 28 are
new contributors, since the last release (1.7.1). Thanks everybody for
working hard to make git a better system ;-).

Git v1.7.2 Release Notes

Updates since v1.7.1

  • core.eol configuration and text/eol attributes are the new way to control
    the end of line conventions for files in the working tree.

  • core.autocrlf has been made safer – it will now only handle line
    endings for new files and files that are LF-only in the
    repository. To normalize content that has been checked in with
    CRLF, use the new eol/text attributes.

  • The whitespace rules used in “git apply –whitespace” and “git diff”
    gained a new member in the family (tab-in-indent) to help projects with
    policy to indent only with spaces.

  • When working from a subdirectory, by default, git does not look for its
    metadirectory “.git” across filesystems, primarily to help people who
    have invocations of git in their custom PS1 prompts, as being outside
    of a git repository would look for “.git” all the way up to the root
    directory, and NFS mounts are often slow. DISCOVERY_ACROSS_FILESYSTEM
    environment variable can be used to tell git not to stop at a
    filesystem boundary.

  • Usage help messages generated by parse-options library (i.e. most
    of the Porcelain commands) are sent to the standard output now.

  • :/<string> notation to look for a commit now takes regular expression
    and it is not anchored at the beginning of the commit log message
    anymore (this is a backward incompatible change).

  • “git” wrapper learned “-c name=value” option to override configuration
    variable from the command line.

  • Improved portability for various platforms including older SunOS,
    HP-UX 10/11, AIX, Tru64, etc. and platforms with Python 2.4.

  • The message from “git am -3” has been improved when conflict
    resolution ended up making the patch a no-op.

  • “git blame” applies the textconv filter to the contents it works
    on, when available.

  • “git checkout –orphan newbranch” is similar to “-b newbranch” but
    prepares to create a root commit that is not connected to any existing

  • “git cherry-pick” learned to pick a range of commits
    (e.g. “cherry-pick A..B” and “cherry-pick –stdin”), so did “git
    revert”; these do not support the nicer sequencing control “rebase
    [-i]” has, though.

  • “git cherry-pick” and “git revert” learned –strategy option to specify
    the merge strategy to be used when performing three-way merges.

  • “git cvsserver” can be told to use pserver; its password file can be
    stored outside the repository.

  • The output from the textconv filter used by “git diff” can be cached to
    speed up their reuse.

  • “git diff –word-diff=<mode>” extends the existing “–color-words”
    option, making it more useful in color-challenged environments.

  • The regexp to detect function headers used by “git diff” for PHP has
    been enhanced for visibility modifiers (public, protected, etc.) to
    better support PHP5.

  • “diff.noprefix” configuration variable can be used to implicitly
    ask for “diff –no-prefix” behaviour.

  • “git for-each-ref” learned “%(objectname:short)” that gives the object
    name abbreviated.

  • “git format-patch” learned –signature option and format.signature
    configuration variable to customize the e-mail signature used in the

  • Various options to “git grep” (e.g. –count, –name-only) work better
    with binary files.

  • “git grep” learned “-Ovi” to open the files with hits in your editor.

  • “git help -w” learned “chrome” and “chromium” browsers.

  • “git log –decorate” shows commit decorations in various colours.

  • “git log –follow <path>” follows across copies (it used to only follow
    renames). This may make the processing more expensive.

  • “git log –pretty=format:<template>” specifier learned “% <something>”
    magic that inserts a space only when %<something> expands to a
    non-empty string; this is similar to “%+<something>” magic, but is
    useful in a context to generate a single line output.

  • “git notes prune” learned “-n” (dry-run) and “-v” options, similar to
    what “git prune” has.

  • “git patch-id” can be fed a mbox without getting confused by the
    signature line in the format-patch output.

  • “git remote” learned “set-branches” subcommand.

  • “git rev-list A..B” learned –ancestry-path option to further limit
    the result to the commits that are on the ancestry chain between A and
    B (i.e. commits that are not descendants of A are excluded).

  • “git show -5” is equivalent to “git show –do-walk 5”; this is similar
    to the update to make “git show” walk the history,
    introduced in 1.6.4.

  • “git status [-s] –ignored” can be used to list ignored paths.

  • “git status -s -b” shows the current branch in the output.

  • “git status” learned “–ignore-submodules” option.

  • Various “gitweb” enhancements and clean-ups, including syntax
    highlighting, “plackup” support for instaweb, .fcgi suffix to run
    it as FastCGI script, etc.

  • The test harness has been updated to produce TAP-friendly output.

  • Many documentation improvement patches are also included.

Fixes since v1.7.1

All of the fixes in v1.7.1.X maintenance series are included in this
release, unless otherwise noted.

  • We didn’t URL decode “file:///path/to/repo” correctly when path/to/repo
    had percent-encoded characters (638794c, 9d2e942, ce83eda, 3c73a1d).

  • “git clone” did not configure remote.origin.url correctly for bare
    clones (df61c889).

  • “git diff –graph” works better with “–color-words” and other options

  • “git diff” could show ambiguous abbreviation of blob object names on
    its “index” line (3e5a188).

  • “git reset –hard” started from a wrong directory and a working tree in
    a nonstandard location is in use got confused (560fb6a1).

  • “git read-tree -m A B” used to switch to branch B while retaining
    local changes added an incorrect cache-tree information (b1f47514).


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