Git 1.7.11.rc0

A release candidate Git 1.7.11.rc0 is now available for testing at
the usual places.

The release tarballs are found at:

and their SHA-1 checksums are:

8661e1ee946728c8b0d948982f9430634680bd34  git-1.7.11.rc0.tar.gz
2d09cfc9c1cae51864c1cb44670d23c7953c1825  git-htmldocs-1.7.11.rc0.tar.gz
62976ccf1f577917225811cd1facfdf88aa67195  git-manpages-1.7.11.rc0.tar.gz

Also the following public repositories all have a copy of the v1.7.11.rc0
tag and the master branch that the tag points at:

url = git://
url =
url = git://
url = git://
url =

Git v1.7.11 Release Notes (draft)

Updates since v1.7.10

UI, Workflows & Features

  • A new mode for push, “simple”, which is a cross between “current”
    and “upstream”, has been introduced. “git push” without any refspec
    will push the current branch out to the same name at the remote
    repository only when it is set to track the branch with the same
    name over there. The plan is to make this mode the new default
    value when push.default is not configured.

  • A couple of commands learned the “–column” option to produce
    columnar output.

  • A third-party tool “git subtree” is distributed in contrib/

  • Error messages given when @{u} is used for a branch without its
    upstream configured have been clatified.

  • Even with “-q”uiet option, “checkout” used to report setting up
    tracking. Also “branch” learned the “-q”uiet option to squelch
    informational message.

  • Your build platform may support hardlinks but you may prefer not to
    use them, e.g. when installing to DESTDIR to make a tarball and
    untarring on a filesystem that has poor support for hardlinks.
    There is a Makefile option NO_INSTALL_HARDLINKS for you.

  • The smart-http backend used to always override GIT_COMMITTER_*
    variables with REMOTE_USER and REMOTE_ADDR, but these variables are
    now preserved when set.

  • “git am” learned the “–include” option, which is an opposite of
    existing the “–exclude” option.

  • When “git am -3” needs to fall back to an application to a
    synthesized preimage followed by a 3-way merge, the paths that
    needed such treatment are now reported to the end user, so that the
    result in them can be eyeballed with extra care.

  • The output from “diff/log –stat” used to always allocate 4 columns
    to show the number of modified lines, but not anymore.

  • “git difftool” learned the “–dir-diff” option to spawn external
    diff tools that can compare two directory hierarchies at a time
    after populating two temporary directories, instead of running an
    instance of the external tool once per a file pair.

  • The “fmt-merge-msg” command learns to list the primary contributors
    involved in the side topic you are merging.

  • “git rebase” learned to optionally keep commits that do not
    introduce any change in the original history.

  • “git push –recurse-submodules” learned to optionally look into the
    histories of submodules bound to the superproject and push them

  • A snapshot request to “gitweb” honors If-Modified-Since: header,
    based on the commit date.

  • “gitweb” learned to highlight the patch it outputs even more.

Foreign Interface

  • “git svn” used to die with unwanted SIGPIPE when talking with HTTP
    server that uses keep-alive.

  • “git svn” learned to use platform specific authentication
    providers, e.g. gnome-keyring, kwallet, etc.

  • “git p4” has been moved out of contrib/ area and has seen more work
    on importing labels as tags from (and exporting tags as labels to)

Performance and Internal Implementation (please report possible regressions)

  • Bash completion script (in contrib/) have been cleaned up to make
    future work on it simpler.

  • An experimental “version 4” format of the index file has been
    introduced to reduce on-disk footprint and I/O overhead.

  • “git archive” learned to produce its output without reading the
    blob object it writes out in memory in its entirety.

  • “git index-pack” that runs when fetching or pushing objects to
    complete the packfile on the receiving end learned to use multiple
    threads to do its job when available.

  • The code to compute hash values for lines used by the internal diff
    engine was optimized on little-endian machines, using the same
    trick the kernel folks came up with.

  • “git apply” had some memory leaks plugged.

  • Setting up a revision traversal with many starting points was
    inefficient as these were placed in a date-order priority queue
    one-by-one. Now they are collected in the queue unordered first,
    and sorted immediately before getting used.

  • More lower-level commands learned to use the streaming API to read
    from the object store without keeping everything in core.

  • Because “sh” on the user’s PATH may be utterly broken on some
    systems, run-command API now uses SHELL_PATH, not /bin/sh, when
    spawning an external command (not applicable to Windows port).

  • The API to iterate over refs/ hierarchy has been tweaked to allow
    walking only a subset of it more efficiently.

Also contains minor documentation updates and code clean-ups.

Fixes since v1.7.10

Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v1.7.10 in the maintenance
releases are contained in this release (see release notes to them for

  • The progress indicator for a large “git checkout” was sent to
    stderr even if it is not a terminal.
    (merge e9fc64c ap/checkout-no-progress-for-non-tty later to maint).

  • A name taken from mailmap was copied into an internal buffer
    incorrectly and could overun the buffer if it is too long.
    (merge c9b4e9e jk/format-person-part-buffer-limit later to maint).

  • A malformed commit object that has a header line chomped in the
    middle could kill git with a NULL pointer dereference.
    (merge a9c7a8a jk/pretty-commit-header-incomplete-line later to maint).

  • An author/committer name that is a single character was mishandled
    as an invalid name by mistake.
    (merge d9955fd jk/ident-split-fix later to maint).

  • “git grep -e $pattern“, unlike the case where the patterns are
    read from a file, did not treat individual lines in the given
    pattern argument as separate regular expressions as it should.
    (merge ec83061 rs/maint-grep-F later to maint).

  • “git diff –stat” used to fully count a binary file with modified
    execution bits whose contents is unmodified, which was not quite

Junio C Hamano wrote on 25 May 2012